Epilepsy and Seizures - - 18cafe.info

Epilepsy and Seizures


Epilepsy is a neurological condition involving the brain that makes people more susceptible to having recurrent seizures. It is one of the most common disorders of the nervous system and affects people of all ages, races, and ethnic background. Almost 2.2 million Americans live with epilepsy.

What Is a Seizure?

A seizure happens when parts of the brain receive a burst of abnormal electrical signals that temporarily interrupt normal electrical brain function.

The brain consists of nerve cells that communicate with each other through electrical activity. A seizure occurs when one or more parts of the brain has a burst of abnormal electrical signals that interrupt normal brain signals. Anything that interrupts the normal connections between nerve cells in the brain can cause a seizure. This includes a high fever, high or low blood sugar, alcohol or drug withdrawal, or a brain concussion. 

Different Types of Seizures

The type of seizure depends on which part and how much of the brain is affected and what happens during the seizure. The two broad categories of epileptic seizures are generalized seizures (absence, atonic, tonic-clonic, myoclonic) and partial (simple and complex) seizures. Within these categories, there are several different types of seizures.

What is Epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a brain condition that causes a person to have seizures. It is one of the most common disorders of the nervous system. It affects children and adults of all races and ethnic backgrounds.When a person has two or more seizures with no known cause, this is diagnosed as epilepsy.

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